5 11 16 20 25 29 38. Any other "K Factor" value in the range could be equally valid depending on the specific requirements of a particular application. by Engineered Software, Inc. Here, I’ll give some example. 48 gal = 1 cu. The voltage drop formula for single phase systems is the following: where: VD = The voltage drop of the circuit, in volts. We operate a variety of press brakes to assist our OEM customers to produce press braked metal forms needed to meet their custom fabricated metal parts requirements. Condition Factor, K, for Salmonid Fish Charles Barnham PSM & Alan Baxter Fulton proposed the use of a mathematical formula that would quantify the condition of fish: 10NW K = -----L3 where: K is the Condition Factor or Coefficient of Con-dition; often simply referred to as the "K factor". The distortion produced relative to the plate thickness is known as the "K" factor (K). sfu = 320 / 100. The audience is anyone involved in th e collection, processing, analysis, utilization, and reporting of traffic data. Note: It is important to note that to find the k-factor, you multiply the resistance of the conductor per foot by the circular mil sizes of the conductor. 9mm to 5mm thick and various angles. Since the early days of the petroleum industry, some physical properties of crude oil were used to define characterization factors for classification of crude oil with respect to hydrocarbon types [4] as shown in Equation 8. Manufacturers of pipe work fittings and valves often publish a fitting's associated 'K' factor. Confidence in aircraft transactions by investors depends critically on the objective assessments of. Jacqueline Tilligkeit. Irwin arrived at the definition of \(K\) as a near-crack-tip approximation to Westergaard's complete solution for the stress field surrounding a crack [2]. The Colebrook equation is generic and can be used to calculate friction coefficients for different kinds of fluid flows - like air ventilation ducts, pipes and tubes with water or oil, compressed air and much more. Condition factor (K factor) Anglers, fish processors, traders and consumers may describe the condition, well-being and the nutritional status of the fish specimens based on visual assessment using descriptive terms such as fatty, normal, skinny or others as shown in the photos of African catfish. By using it, you get the bend allowance which is,. Basics of Aircraft Market Analysis. To determine the approximate O. In typical bolt torque tables, a K factor of 0. With the resistance coefficient, K calculated, you can compute equivalent length l/d with pressure drop calculator, afterward. The Y-Factor = ( Pi / 2 ) * K-Factor. Mechanisms of Heat Transfer: (1) Conduction where Q is the amount of heat, Btu, transferred in time t, h k is the thermal conductivity, Btu/[h ft2 (oF/ft)] A is the area of heat transfer normal to heat flow, ft2 T is the temperature, oF x is the thickness of the conduction path, ft. This selection allows you to enter the unbraced height and the slenderness "K" factor to use for the column slenderness calculation. Scroll down below for a quick intro. As from the formula, while calculating the K-factor, the harmonic current is getting multiplied by the square of its number. K factor is an empirical constant, meaning that its value was determined by testing. I am now pleased to share this formula with you. Higher the sample size, lower the K-multiplier is. 13 14 x 8 RECT. Rseries = Rhunt * (k - 1). Screen openings chart indicates the % open area of. Title: Corrosion Coupon Report Author: Eric Fraser Created Date:. What k factor is usually used for simple wood compression members (columns)? A2. The formula is; number of invites by users * percent conversion of each invite = k factor. 972 2417 2487 2. LS = slope length and steepness factor. 985, but may be even higher if the convergent section is machined. Roughly, it goes: …where k (K-Factor, or virality) equals the number of invites to a product, website, etc. However, according to Anna Wood and Bernie Daraz who are experienced in the field, the correct K-factor value or bed allowance/bend deduction values has to be based only on the workshops or bending services. The high frequency of the harmonics cause… Read More »K factor for Harmonics. The percent drop is V drop / V system. The ratio of the length to diamater is a determining factor in the bandwidth. Hold PG knob in on power up to access "Setup Mode". An illustrative example: A sprinkler with an imperial K factor of 5. Soils high in clay have low K values, about 0. With the proposed formula this restriction is removed, thereby increasing the design range. The distortion produced relative to the plate thickness is known as the "K" factor (K). Theoretical Discharge through Circular Orifices Formula. Table: Distortions and the dB. Calculations with factorials are based on this fact: Any factorial less than n! is a factor of n!. , lecture, activity, laboratory, etc. Just as tabulated values of K are not reliable for application with any assurance of predictable results for a given bolt / nut assembly it is equally true that friction coefficients determined experimentally must be used for comparison purposes and supplemented by torque-angle assembly monitoring to assure. Unlisted components can have pressure ratings but the owner and/or the designer has the responsibility to verify that the design, materials, fabrication, examination, and testing of the component meet the requirements of ASME B31. If your centrifuge does not have an rpm-rcf converter, you may use the formula, the rpm-rcf converter found on the homepages of centrifuge suppliers, or a nomogram for conversion. The K-Factor is the ratio of the Neutral Axis' Offset (t) and the Material Thickness (MT). More than 10,000. Note: For metal plunger pumps, a slip factor must be used to correct for volumetric inefficiency. You ought to think of Newton's law of cooling in the same way as with Coulomb's law of friction: They are both "hodge-podge" laws on the theoretical level in that they do not bother about the distinct mechanisms behind the overall complex phenomenon, but are nonetheless highly effective in predicting a variety of outcomes. Inlet Duct Area K-Factor Velocity F-Factor Size Type (Sq. Similar to other metal forming processes, bending changes the shape of the work piece, while the volume of material will remain the same. 5 = (A-2) The total design base shear shall not be less than the following: V=0. LO 2 liquid oxygen. Created Date: 1/3/2014 11:10:38 AM. K = direct-current constant: This constant K represents the dc resistance for a 1,000 circular mils conductor that is 1000 ft long, at an operating temperature of 75 C. The formula is expressed as: P = K x S x SPM Where P is lifted BPD, K is the pump constant (or "K" factor), S is the stroke length in inches, and SPM is the strokes per minute with one stroke taken as a full rotation of the pumping unit crank. 2 ( / ) ( / ) ( ) 2 2 2 g ft s v ft s ∆H FF ft fluid = K For example a 2 ½” inch screwed elbow has a K factor of 0. They are affected by height above the ground and surrounding objects. Traffic tends to be more equally divided by direction near the center of an urban area or on loop facilities. 5 psi at the hydrant shoe to discharge 1,100 gpm. Q = K√P Hydraulic Calculations: One Method for Adjusting Flows for Liquids Other Than Water. 8) Journal of Structural Engineering September 1988 An Improved K-Factor Formula. Since k = 10, k - 1 = 9. We can calculate the Leg Length 1 and 2 as follows:. The quantity AF is the Array Factor. An illustrative example: A sprinkler with an imperial K factor of 5. Both thread and bolt-head friction coefficients are used to calculate K-Factor, so it is through lubrication that friction and K-Factor can be controlled to ensure proper bolt tension and elongation are achieved for a derived torque value. 2 is frequently given as a value for alloy steel assemblies with no lube. 5 = (A-2) The total design base shear shall not be less than the following: V=0. The reliability of a rating depends on the number of games used in the calculation of the rating. Tips, Tricks, News & Reviews for 3D CAD Design, Data Management, Manufacturing, Simulation, Engineering, and Digital Prototyping software. kPa kilopascal. , lecture, activity, laboratory, etc. Basics of Aircraft Market Analysis. K Prime (also known as: Capacity Factor, Ratio or Retention Factor): One of the Single Most Important HPLC Parameters of All The role of Capacity Factor / Ratio ( K prime ) in chromatography is to provide a calculation or formula which defines how much interaction the solute (sample peak) has with the stationary phase material (the relat ive time interacting with the support vs. Date: 05/07/2003 at 13:04:24 From: Joe Subject: Length of cable on a reel What is the formula used to determine the length of cable on a reel? Specifically the way to determine the "k" factor if I use the formula L = A*(A+B)*C*k where L = length of wire (in feet) A = diameter of wire (in inches) B = diameter of drum (in inches) C = width of. The operating voltage at the terminals of the motor shall not drop more than 5 percent below the voltage rating of the motor while the motor is operating at 115 percent of the full-load current rating of the motor. Hi all, I don't know if anyone is interested but I've just picked up a FREE K Factor calculator. a i-iv) which compares present values beyond the level period. 985, but may be even higher if the convergent section is machined. Tarko Associate Professor (765) 494-5027 fax: (765) 49-61105 [email protected] The same formula can be used for dosage calculations where the medication is available as amount per certain volume. The proportion of AADT occurring in the analysis hour is referred to as the K-factor, expressed as a decimal fraction (commonly called 'K,' 'K30,' or 'K100'). ( 1300 / 200 = 6. Comparison of Engine Power Correction Factors for … 280 / Vol. CORRECTION FACTORS FOR COMBUSTIBLE GAS (LEL) SENSORS Note: This is a guideline document for calculating correction factors of LEL sensors. As A = ¼ Πd2, you can also calculate the diameter. K-Factor formula for fire sprinklers. Typically, the elevation factor for a line is the average of the elevation factors at each end of the line. Since the early days of the petroleum industry, some physical properties of crude oil were used to define characterization factors for classification of crude oil with respect to hydrocarbon types [4] as shown in Equation 8. Instructions: Select the Current Protocol Rotor and enter the Run Speed and Run Time. I struggled with learning this formula because I am a bit of a math/science purest and this "K" really isn't a constant. Hence the value of the K-Factor is different for the different materials, inside bend radius, method of forming and different thickness. The K factor is the sensitivity that your sensor has to the presence of a gas relative to a reference gas (usually N2), and beyond that, the sensor output signal is proportional to the concentration of the gas. Anybody know how to change the K factor? Here, I have found the K factor as 0. Which one is a widely used one? SolidWorks 2013 - K-Factors. The k-value is given in m 3 /Nm or m 2 /N, sometimes in mm 3 /Nm. This K factor should be used along with the pressure drop calculator to account for total frictional losses in a piping system. 5 rating points. Sample size and power calculations 20. Reference stress is the total stress within an element under the same loading conditions without the stress concentrators. 300 ml BOD bottles. For example, the average of the elevation factor at station Boulder (h 1 ), and the elevation factor at station Peak (h 2 ) is the elevation factor for the line (h Avg ). Finding Y-Factor for Sheet Metal Bending. The K-factor is a viral marketing formula calculated by dividing the average number of conversions from invitations received by the average number of invitations sent. Pencil, paper, and calculator in hand, I set out to derive the formula. Please note that a non-linearity may exist between a Nitrogen calibration and the actual flow of process gases. K-factor (fire protection), formula used to calculate the discharge rate from a fire system nozzle K factor (traffic engineering), the proportion of annual average daily traffic occurring in an hour. Later, the classical K factor equation was published to assist the calculation of K. Enter input parameters. If there are k items in the study (e. Note that the "K Factor" values used to calculate the RepairEngineering Bolt Torque Chart were picked somewhat arbitrarily. As it spins, fluid is flung to the outside, much as the spin cycle of a washing machine flings water and clothes to the outside of the wash tub. Senior Measurement Specialist. Soils - universal soil loss equation - R Factor Spatial Data Format. IV Infusion sets are pre-calibrated to how many drops per ml(gtt/ml) of a solution they administer to the patient. What is the slenderness limit (l /d) for wood columns? A3. Factor of safety definition is - the ratio of the ultimate strength of a member or piece of material (as in an airplane) to the actual working stress or the maximum permissible stress when in use. 25 to 3 common) The shorter the acceleration time period the greater actual peak values will exceed formula values. Power Transformer K-factor Understand the importance of Power Transformers K-factor and follow these simple steps to verify transformer content and load. In the table below we see. The EXCEL commands for this calculation are shown below. Condition factor (K factor) Anglers, fish processors, traders and consumers may describe the condition, well-being and the nutritional status of the fish specimens based on visual assessment using descriptive terms such as fatty, normal, skinny or others as shown in the photos of African catfish. This means there is no easy mathematical formula to determine the k-factor. K-factor value is inversely proportional to material hardness. There are two general types of fatigue tests conducted. Values for topographic factor, LS, for moderate ratio of rill:inter-rill erosion, such as for row-cropped agricultural soils, and other moderately. In its simplest form this would yield a safety stock calculation of : safety stock = (standard deviation) * (service factor). The Voltage drop in the cable is calculated using Ohm's Law where V drop = I load x R cable. • a linear formula so its EZ to work with, and also somewhat EZ to remember A= R K L S C P. You can help protect yourself from scammers by verifying that the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number. Once bend allowance is calculated, it is added to the required finished length to obtain the material length required to create the bent piece. kW kilowatt. Explanation of Traffic Counts (Back & Ahead Leg Diagrams) (PDF) Caltrans Traffic Counts are summarized annually into four categories:. It should be set so as to efficiently account for new data but not overreact to it. 4 we would need 49. Traffic count information for city and county streets may be found at the city Traffic Engineering or Public Works Department, or the Community Development Office in the area where the street is located. (Equivalence between flow coefficients Kv and Cv) At valves which discharge the flow directly into the environment it is used the non-dimensional Discharge Coefficient (C). We provide sustainable solutions that help our customers effectively manage electrical, hydraulic and mechanical power - more safely, more efficiently and more reliably. 1 5 10 25 50 100 0. The DAC is recoverable if the k-factor is less than 100%. 007 is not making their arm or structures stiff enough. Knowing the K-factor for each calibration point, the factory determines the best fitting K-factor for that particular flowmeter. W is the weight of the fish in grams (g). I did some research but could not find any solid conclusions on what is suppose to be done to convert the F-Factor to a U-value or configure eQuest to correctly model this. The K-factor is applicable only to the fluid for which the meter was calibrated in the. The R factor is based on rainfall and runoff, while K is the soil erodibility factor and depends on the type of soil. 0 EQUIPMENT Refer to Section 2. Think of a k-factor as gallons per degree day, similar to miles per gallon. Critical (Choked) Pressure Drop. One test focuses on the nominal stress required to cause a fatigue failure in some number of cycles. K-Factor (K) – The ratio of the position of the Neutral Axis to the Material Thickness. Use this online tool to calculate a single point texture class based on percent sand, silt, and clay. Remember, if we needed to know the placement of the neutral axis we would use the formula, K = (t/T) -> t = K × T = 0. Universal Soil Loss Equation A = R K L S C P. 0714 15 0 0667 R Value / U Value Conversion Chart 0. doc 3/8 Jim Stiles The Univ. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams; F. Once bend allowance is calculated, it is added to the required finished length to obtain the material length required to create the bent piece. 8768 and should already be entered. Separation is affected by maximum speed and radius which together determine maximum g-force. Voltage Drop 5 Answer: First, calculate the total voltage drop allowed in the circuit. This is your home's K-Factor or "Miles Per Gallon". In IEEE Std 1100-1992 [9], the “Emerald Book”, k-factor is defined as: ∑ = = = ⋅ max 1 2 2 h h h K Ih h (1) where Ih= rms current at harmonic h, in per unit of rated rms load current It is essentially a transformer. Flow Meter K-factor : The axial design of Turbine Flow Meter is inherently linear within a known turndown range, typically 15:1, based on velocity of the measured fluid. The mutual inductance calculator calculates the mutual inductance of 2 inductors with a coupling coefficient of k, according to the formula shown above. They do that for instance by averaging all K-factors, or use another appropriate mathematical method. 48 gal = 1 cu. We care about k-factor for several reasons:. kV kilovolt. Enter input parameters. Wire Antenna Design Lengths. Figure 2 illustrates the sheet that is bent with the bend angle of 90 degrees. K-Factor is a value that’s important for calculating the target input torque for your fastener. So if the thickness of the sheet was a distance of T = 1 mm and the location of the neutral axis was a distance of t = 0. and is typically between 0. Section 695-7 – No. From there we can calculate the K-Factor and the Bend Deduction. TX100/200-Series. To perform voltage drop calculations, it is essential to have the following information: 1) the k-factor, 2) the length of the feeder or branch circuit to the load, 3) the amperage load of the circuit, and, of course, 4) the circuit voltage. EQUATION 1: HARMON'S PEAKING FACTOR. It is important to have systems in place to monitor and analyze the power quality issues that can affect critical and expensive components in a power distribution system. My question is the factory converters are rated by K factor. R = The resistance of the conductor. Plus and Minus from Mean n=Polytropic exponent of gas expansion. To calculate the k-factor, you need to collect some information: specifically, the BA and the Ir. K%: K-Factor – DHV as a percentage of the AADT. For typical main rural. Calculating Resistance Coefficient K from C v or K v. The Y-factor takes into account stresses within the material, while the K-factor does not. The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), which is a computerized version of USLE with improvements in many of the factor estimates, was initially released for public use in 1992. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. g), the Area (ft2), the Velocity Pressure (1" w. Enter input parameters. The propagation loss on a terrestrial line-of-sight wireless link is influenced by atmospheric and seasonal conditions. A skinny wire dipole for 160 or 80 M has a narrow SWR bandwidth, compared to a thick pipe element the same length would have a wider frequency range where SWR was low. ANÁLISIS DE LA VARIANZA CON UN FACTOR (ANOVA) El análisis de la varianza permite contrastar la hipótesis nula de que las medias de K poblaciones (K >2) son iguales, frente a la hipótesis alternativa de que por lo menos una de las poblaciones difiere de las demás en cuanto a su valor esperado. If the flow rate was given in units per hour the totalizer K-factor (for whole units) is obtained by multiplying the rate K-factor by 3600. 110-1986 addresses harmonic problems in transformers and the design solution. zTake the measurement on each of the k composite-samples. Calculating k Factor. Result will be displayed. Objective: To provide g. Yd 1000 mg = 1 gm 60 sec = 1 min 3 ft = 1yd 7. K-Factor (K) – The ratio of the position of the Neutral Axis to the Material Thickness. Gauge Tables. The most common is typically referred to as the K-30. J A- JA D T T! = P JMAX A- DMAX JA T T P =! Application Report SLVA462–May 2011 Understanding Thermal Dissipation and Design of a Heatsink Nikhil Seshasayee. Important factor for determining the maximum stock level includes the storing or holding cost, space availability, seasonal stock consumption fluctuation etc. Since gauge tables were introduced, all the parameters can be controlled base on the drop down selection which makes life much easier. Depending on the value of the Watson characterization factor, crude oils are classified as paraffinic (K w = 11-12. Mark the check box 'K - Value as input'. Q = K√P Hydraulic Calculations: One Method for Adjusting Flows for Liquids Other Than Water. To determine safety stock, simply multiply these three numbers. It is an important measurement used to manage the deferrals allowed in insurance accounting. 196 455 2321 2. K-factors were originally created to be multiples of the discharge of a K5. In other words, the neutral axis for this part occurs {{kFactor *100}}% of the way through the material's thickness. For a 6 horse study, the K factor is 3. However, because the effect is ordinarily so small, it seems remarkable that it was discovered theoretically before it was discovered experimentally. But the most accurate way to find out K factor is reverse engineering of a small but same sheet metal sample piece. K Factor Calculator Determine the number of pulses generated by GF Signet flow sensors K-Factors are calibration values (pulses per unit of volume) used to convert flow sensor output frequencies to flow rates. To calculate K UOP or K W ,volume average boiling point (VABP) or mean average boiling point is used, respectively. kW=One kilowatt is equal to 1000 watts. Figure 2: 90 degrees bend. RUSLE Factors. It is a k-factor calculator developed by the New Zealand company knac solutions. Answer is automatic. IV Infusion sets are pre-calibrated to how many drops per ml(gtt/ml) of a solution they administer to the patient. The result of the opacity measurement can be also given as the extinction coefficient, k. BC: Business/commercial vehicles (FHWA Class 4 and above) shown in number of. Note: For metal plunger pumps, a slip factor must be used to correct for volumetric inefficiency. kVA=kiloVolt-Ampere. All weights shown using this metal weight calculator are for guidance only. 545 1497 2747 2. Gordy, 2003). the part of the material that bends. Any idea how I can solve this. The formula for determining K-factor is as follows: Equation 9 Where: rmax = maximum radial distance measured to the bottom of the tube rmin = radial distance measured to the meniscus at the top of the tube ω = angular velocity in radians/sec (2 πrpm/60, or 0. This formula is used to calculate the weld strength for the double angle to support connection. Mark the check box 'K - Value as input'. Important factor for determining the maximum stock level includes the storing or holding cost, space availability, seasonal stock consumption fluctuation etc. 4 gallons of fuel were needed that day to maintain a comfortable temperature. When looking at the bandwidth of an RF resonant circuit this. B = Bend Angle in degree. I had goone through IEEE 485/1115 for sizing of battery,I got everything about sizing batteries but unable to understand how to calculate K (performance factor),I had gone through the manual of battery,But not able to get it. A number of approaches have been proposed for computing the k factor for tolerance limits. Thermal Withstand. When selecting a cable, the performance of the cable under fault conditions is an important consideration. Index i identifies the surface considered. The percent drop is V drop / V system. I need a simple, rule of thumb formula for calculating bend allowance in mm's. 85; 3/4" ÷. The Y-factor takes into account stresses within the material, while the K-factor does not. Adjust K-Factor On G2-3-4. A particular form of the Weibull distribution is referred to as the Rayleigh distribution and occurs when k=2. K factor = BTU-in / hr - ft 2 - °F or British Thermal Unit-Inch Per Square Foot Per Hour Per Fahrenheit Degree. K-Factor rated transformers Eaton's mission is to improve the quality of life and the environment through the use of power management technologies and services. 5 times the yield bending moment, the curvature of the beam is infinite, or the radius of the curvature is zero. Later, the Ramberg-Osgood equation has been modified by MIL-HDBK or MMPDS to include f 0 (MMPDS-01, Chapter 9), or the correct notation f 0. Ellingson, M. 92 for average operating conditions. The K-Factor depends on many factors, including the kind of material, bending type, tools, etc The K-Factor typically lies between 0. The units are Btu/(hr)(ft²)(°F). Then use the single-phase formula for circular mils where: K = 12. The operating voltage at the terminals of the motor shall not drop more than 5 percent below the voltage rating of the motor while the motor is operating at 115 percent of the full-load current rating of the motor. R is the distance to the center of the arc; θ is the angle of the arc (radians); c is the distance from the n. About the Y-Factor and K-Factor. Best way to calculate k factor value is by reverse engineering. In the expression for the received signal, the power in the line-of-sight equals C 2 /2. Will be folding mild steel anything from 0. Power Transformer K-factor Understand the importance of Power Transformers K-factor and follow these simple steps to verify transformer content and load. Hence the value of the K-Factor is different for the different materials, inside bend radius, method of forming and different thickness. K-Factor is a value that’s important for calculating the target input torque for your fastener. In fire protection engineering, the K-factor formula is used to calculate the discharge rate from a nozzle. NEMA 3R stainless steel enclosure is available up to 150kVA. The K factor is the most important and elusive variable of bending, because it varies both as a function of the material and according to parameters such as angle and tooling. k = factor for number of std deviations required for given service level Supply safety stock = k*std dev lead time Total safety stock = sqrt( demand safety stock + supply safety stock). Roughly, it goes:. 15) NO x ISO and 15%O 2 = NO x ISO and 15%O 2 = 17. It relates the estimated peak discharge to a theoretical maximum of. The velocity of suction pump shall be keep low enough to prevent vortex at outlet of vessel or tank, and to prevent excessive pressure drop along the suction line. Thermal Withstand. The following equation relates the K-factor to the bend allowance: The following table is a "Rule of Thumb". Values for topographic factor, LS, for moderate ratio of rill:inter-rill erosion, such as for row-cropped agricultural soils, and other moderately. By: Shannon Ackert. The /3 is based on the Ppk calculation (e. In these types of calculations, the volume available on hand is the QUANTITY. The actual figure derived is 467. Note: All Insight fuel flow transducers are factory - normalized to 30,000 pulses / gallon. Fresnel zones Fresnel zones are used by propagation theory to calculate reflections and diffraction loss between a transmitter and receiver. CALCULATION OF K-FACTOR AND R-VALUE. A user enters the coupling coefficient, K, inductor L 1 , and inductor L 2 , and the result will automatically be calculated and shown. The amount that the K-factors will be increased is especially large [about a 40% increase] for players rated between 1900 through 2100. Constant Voltage Charger Selection for VRLA Batteries TECH NIA LBU 41-2129 41-2129/0712/CD www. Roughly, it goes:. The scale factor is how many times larger than the object the image is. K-Factor K-factors derived using the K-factor calculator will be expressed in the units chosen in the calculator (Pulse/Cubic Meter, Pulse/Gallon or Pulse/Liter) EX100/200-Series. K-factor values range from 1 to 50. Especially when using the newer. Then use the single-phase formula for circular mils where: K = 12. This note looks at how to do this. Wire antennas need to be made a bit long and cut to resonance. K-Factor is a value that’s important for calculating the target input torque for your fastener. Closure to "An Improved K‐Factor Formula" by Francois Cheong‐Siat‐Moy Journal of Structural Engineering. Coefficient of drainage (Cd or Mi) – Cd is the coefficient of drainage for rigid pavement design used to account for improved or decreased quality of drainage. We will start by calculating the Bend Allowance. For example, for 24, the GCF is 12. The velocity of suction pump shall be keep low enough to prevent vortex at outlet of vessel or tank, and to prevent excessive pressure drop along the suction line. More than 10,000. I've also included the conversion formula. Figure 2: 90 degrees bend. There are several ways to write the formula. The factor K, often called to as the "nut factor", can be expressed as a combination of three factors: K1 (a geometric factor, function of diameter, d and Pitch, P) K2 (a thread friction factor, function of Mue_G and pitch dia. It may be used for 'quick planning' on demolition ranges with existing danger areas. 4 we would need 49. In IEEE Std 1100-1992 [9], the "Emerald Book", k-factor is defined as: ∑ = = = ⋅ max 1 2 2 h h h K Ih h (1) where Ih= rms current at harmonic h, in per unit of rated rms load current It is essentially a transformer. Design of Keyways. 10472 x rpm) The K-factor can be used in the following equation. K-Factor K-factors derived using the K-factor calculator will be expressed in the units chosen in the calculator (Pulse/Cubic Meter, Pulse/Gallon or Pulse/Liter) EX100/200-Series. k Factor is a variable that comes from a file (usually it is 0. Any other "K Factor" value in the range could be equally valid depending on the specific requirements of a particular application. Mark the check box 'K - Value as input'. A practical application of “Q” is that voltage across L or C in a series resonant circuit is Q times total applied voltage. Definitions: Antenna Factor (or correction factor) is defined as the ratio of the incident Electromagnetic Field to the output voltage from the antenna and the output connector. The infinite multiplication factor (k ∞) may be expressed mathematically in terms of these factors by following equation, usually known as the four factor formula: k ∞ = η. Kildal and the Antenna Group at Chalmers, to estimate the parameter from the complex transfer function will. (For a 240V circuit the % voltage drop is 5. Before using a given torque table, these assumptions should be verified to insure they are appropriate for the specific application. The most common is typically referred to as the K-30. 2 k-factor — for aluminum wire. 3 ambient temperature, degrees Kelvin (degrees Celsius + 273. calculates the k-factor before consideration of the VM-20 constraint (i. ) Then, select the New Protocol Rotor and Run Speed. The K factor formula for fire protection When we start any hydraulic calculation for a water based fire protection systems such as a fire sprinklers, water mist systems the k-factor formula is the first which we will need to use and as it is so fundamental all fire protection engineers must have. CFM x RPM x Fan Law 1. It works best used in summer period for air mass thunderstorms (no dynamical triggering mechanism). zForm a composite of n/k units for k composite-samples; mix well. CALCULATION OF K-FACTOR AND R-VALUE. Illustrates again the 68% probability of s. R-Value equals a measure of the resistance of the glazing to heat flow. Kanuka and Mānuka pollen are indistinguishable under the microscope, which is how pollen counts are conducted. Box 930040 Verona, WI 53593-0040 Catalog TB-01C APRIL 1993 TESTING AND BALANCING MANUAL. Discharge coefficients for uncalibrated Venturi meters, together with corresponding uncertainties, are given in ISO 5167-1: 1991. Figure 2 illustrates the sheet that is bent with the bend angle of 90 degrees. There are four factors that are completely independent of the size and shape. Insert the adjusted K factor into the standard flow formula using the actual required pressure. This can be easily estimated using the K stability factor and delta. Separation is affected by maximum speed and radius which together determine maximum g-force. The EXCEL commands for this calculation are shown below. 5"3"4"5"6"8"10"12"14"16"18"20"22"24"26"28"30"32"34"36"38"40"42"44"46"48. R&r, can be used to evaluate the capability of the measurement process. 01 gives a K-factor of 0. K = "nut factor," "tightening factor," or "k-value" If the preload and fastener diameter are selected in the design process, and the K-value for the application conditions is known, then the necessary. K Factor (Uop K Factor) Of Crude Oil - posted in Refining, Hydrocarbons, Oil, and Gas: My question is: that Fig 5. and percent and the decibel. L = Length of the circuit from power supply to load. zFor binary outcome (positive or negative; success or failure; yes or no, etc) with rare probability of one of the two possible outcomes then forming composites can save a lot of testing. ASCE Library. If column is short, calculated load will be known as crushing load. For a particular soil, the soil erodibility factor is the rate of erosion per unit erosion index from a standard plot. The formula I used for the bend allowance is: L= 2 Pi A (R+KT) / 360 Where L is the arc length of the bend on the neutral axis (bend allowance) T is the material thickness A is the angle of bend (I used 90 degrees) R is the inside bend radius K is the k-factor (re-arrange the formula to solve for K). The factor K, often called to as the "nut factor", can be expressed as a combination of three factors: K1 (a geometric factor, function of diameter, d and Pitch, P) K2 (a thread friction factor, function of Mue_G and pitch dia. ------- = -------. Interesting how nm has very little to do with the visible light appearance of the K factor Take 2700k for instance, it translates to over 1,070 nm, quite in the black. kg kilogram. In typical bolt torque tables, a K factor of 0. The proposed equation is suitable for adoption in practice. Hold PG knob in on power up to access "Setup Mode". LO 2 liquid oxygen. PA: Passenger vehicles (FHWA Class 1-3) shown in number of vehicles and percentage of AADT. R = Inside Bend Radius. 4 Tons Of Air Conditioning to Kilowatts = 14. In the K factor table, there is a column for the value K - 1. From design view the wear displacement h. It also shows that K-factor formulas based on the stiffness concept become increasingly unconservative as the lateral restraint becomes very large. SHIPPING REEL CAPACITY. K-Factor is a value that’s important for calculating the target input torque for your fastener. the formula: merk_eisbe = sichf * vbwh-prmad * sqrt( wzeit_per ). fx Solver is a solver for engineering and scientific equations. • Design hourly volume (DHV) – Traffic volume used for design calculations. Step-2 : Bend the sheet to 90 degrees and measure length A and B. The K-Factor is a physical value defining the ratio of distance from the inner side of the bend to the neutral layer and sheet metal thickness. A stress concentration factor (Kt) is a dimensionless factor that is used to quantify how concentrated the stress is in a material. The application presented here can be used to calculate the overall K factor based on the fittings in a piping segment. Nitrogen is an inert gas with many industrial applications. In addition to the bearings presented in this section, SKF supplies tapered roller bearings for special. As such, the following formula is used; K Factor = Area * 4005 * √(Velocity Pressure @ 1" w. If a player with a score of 1100 points (K factor = 45) wins a match against an opponent with 1101 points (K factor = 45) he loses 22 points. m value of K in the metric system. Disclaimer. S11, S12, S21 and S22. Run Time Conversion Using k-Factors. The values, Radius/Kv, Horizontal Length, and K are interrelated and if. Hi Can anyone tell me what is the parameter sigma stands in rician distribution when we calculate K factor. From the definition of quality factor given above, the Q factor can be mathematically expressed in the Q factor formula below: Q = E Stored E Lost per cycle. What k factor is usually used for simple wood compression members (columns)? A2. Distortion attenuation : in dB. Best way to calculate k factor value is by reverse engineering. For example, if you beat someone with the same rating as you, on ICC you will gain 16 rating points, and in FIDE you will gain only 7. 27 = R of 1. K-factor that is greater than one tells you that your amplifier is unconditionally stable. The formula is K. Includes 53 different calculations. CM = Circular-Mils (conductor wire gauge) Notes: • The National …. K = Factor of safety (user defined 1. 5 psi at the hydrant shoe to discharge 1,100 gpm. F=Power factor. With 50 games, 98. The rock transmission factor allows for varying rock types and confinement conditions, eg. Can some one please tell me how can I change the K. Once bend allowance is calculated, it is added to the required finished length to obtain the material length required to create the bent piece. Calculating K factor. In this case Et is the tangent modulus (the slope of the stress-strain curve). In indoor channels with an unobstructed line-of-sight between transmit and receive antenna the K-factor is. Experimental Determination of Friction Coefficients. The problem with a SOLIDWORKS Sheet Metal Bend Table is that it can only control the Bend Allowance, Bend Deduction or K-Factor but the thickness and radius is still free to be changed manually. Coeficiente de Caudal (válvula toda abierta). Instructions: Input material thickness and and inner radius to get the data of K factor, Y factor, neutral layer. Directional Distribution (D). In this standard, the K-Factor is defined and its method of. This can. This can be misleading as factors such as tube geometry and temperature contribute to rotor performance and must also be considered. En K·Factor unimos a creativos, estrategas, ingenieros y desarrolladores. A K-factor of 1. How to Select the Right Fan or Blower How to Select the Right Fan or Blower STEP 1 : The Total Cooling Requirements STEP 2 : Total System Resistance / System Characteristic Curve STEP 3 : System Operating Point Here are three essential steps to select a right fan or blower for your application to achieve objec-tives in above list. This method may give more accurate results for small values of \(N\). from the following formula. K factor is soil erodibility factor which represents both susceptibility of soil to erosion and the rate of runoff, as measured under the standard unit plot condition. The K-factor is calculated by dividing the number of degree days between fuel oil deliveries by the gallons of fuel used between those deliveries. It is usually expressed relative to 0oC. 9mm to 5mm thick and various angles. A K-factor should always be calculated for each individual antenna, and also the whole antenna array, including the mast weight and any additional booms or equipment. There are two general types of fatigue tests conducted. Below is the European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products’ table of K factors used by the RMTCi. The amplifier will be unconditionally stable if: K > 1 and mag(∆) < 1. Centrifugal Pumps. The reliability of the link is also affected by k-factor values which is usually taken as 4/3 in regions where there is dearth of data; however, this value can only be used for gross planning. The friction factor is defined as the ratio between the force required to move a section of pipe and the vertical contact force applied by the pipe on the seabed. The latest reviewed version was checked on 9 September 2017. The function is very easy as the downstream vibrates it gives a signal to the barrier that is placed to move in a stream. K%: K-Factor – DHV as a percentage of the AADT. Harmonics are caused by non-linear loads. In flow testing and sprinkler system calculations using Hazen-Williams formula, K-factor is calculated using the following formula:. Later, the Ramberg-Osgood equation has been modified by MIL-HDBK or MMPDS to include f 0 (MMPDS-01, Chapter 9), or the correct notation f 0. Without any Deductions in Bar Length Bar Length Deduction Due to Bending. The L and S. Acceptable Size. Mathematically, this formula looks like this: K-factor = {(180 x BA) ÷ [(π x Complementary Bend Angle x Mt) - (Ir ÷ Mt)]} 2. k questions in the above example) then the correlation table has k × k entries of form rij where each rij is the correlation coefficient between item i and item j. Source: Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, Definitions, Alaska Admin. The cumulative distribution of the refractivity gradient in the first 65 meters above the ground. With the formula we can calculate the maximum velocity pressure we will have to measure. Panhandle formula is for natural gas pipe sizes from 6" to 24", and for Reynolds numbers between Re = 5x10 6 and Re = 14x10 6, with specific gravity for natural gas S g =0,6. Note: It is important to note that to find the k-factor, you multiply the resistance of the conductor per foot by the circular mil sizes of the conductor. The K-Factor in sheet metal Bending is the ratio of the position of neutral axis to the material thickness. PF=1+14/(4+P 1/2). The application presented here can be used to calculate the overall K factor based on the fittings in a piping segment. The Classic Numbers for All Types of Wire Antennas at HF. Drum Capacity in Feet = (A + B) * A * C * K Factor. To get started, choose an alloy and a form from the options below, complete the required information and hit the calculate button. You can use a K Factor Chart to collect the value of K-Factor for the given case. g), the Area (ft2), the Velocity Pressure (1" w. Knowing the K-factor for each calibration point, the factory determines the best fitting K-factor for that particular flowmeter. It should be set so as to efficiently account for new data but not overreact to it. RUSLE Factors. Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) A= R K L S C P. Formula Used: y = e pvc + g 1 x + [ (g 2 − g 1 ) ×x² / 2L ] Where, y - elevation of point of vertical tangency e pvc - Initial Elevation g 1 - Initial grade g 2 - Final grade x/L - Length of the curve. The K-factor Stepping determines how many test lines are printed for the above range. WN8 Resources Description Summary FAQ Colour Scale Expectation matrix - Download as CSV - Download as JSON (Note: a large portion of this thread is extremely outdated. An accurate k-factor can be determined only by doing experiments with the lubricant and fastener you plan to use. 3 are noted in Table 1 below. minimum capital requirements, while also providing incentives to adopt the more advanced risk-sensitive approaches of the Framework. Cv CORRECTION FACTOR TABLE Centistokes (SSU) Perf. I struggled with learning this formula because I am a bit of a math/science purest and this "K" really isn't a constant. Equations to estimate blast over-pressure at range have been developed by Charles Kingery and Gerald Bulmash. The load current input is fixed, as is the base system Voltage. They are affected by height above the ground and surrounding objects. K-Factor in Flow Test Using Hazen-Williams Formula. Both thread and bolt-head friction coefficients are used to calculate K-Factor, so it is through lubrication that friction and K-Factor can be controlled to ensure proper bolt tension and elongation are achieved for a derived torque value. Mold Design and Casting Sheetmetal Model Analysis. Calculate K factor, bend allowance and Y factor for sheet metal bending. The Y-Factor = ( Pi / 2 ) * K-Factor. T = Material Thickness. x k factor = Amp. Reference - Flowmeters Americas +1 215 646 7400 ext. The K factor can help you choose the best range transducer for the pressure measurement. The proposed K-factor equation is simple to use, can be programmed on small calculators, and agrees well with results obtained from the alignment charts. The friction coefficient can be calculated with the online Colebrook calculator below. The quantity AF is the Array Factor. Box 930040 Verona, WI 53593-0040 Catalog TB-01C APRIL 1993 TESTING AND BALANCING MANUAL. To perform voltage drop calculations, it is essential to have the following information: 1) the k-factor, 2) the length of the feeder or branch circuit to the load, 3) the amperage load of the circuit, and, of course, 4) the circuit voltage. – Both directionsBoth directions. In this case the gauge moisture is not only a variable, but the K factor will also vary in relation to the wet density encountered. NEMA 3R stainless steel enclosure is available up to 150kVA. Since the inside compression can not exceed the outside tension, the k-factor can never exceed. INCREASED VOLTAGE THD K-factor is another way of looking at the harmonic content of a load. Very simply if you know the RAD, plus allowance for a 90 degree bend, and material thickness it calculates the K Factor for you. The idea is that, instead of computing average and std. Hooke's Law Calculators: Enter value, select unit and click on calculate. It ranges from 0 to 0. Coeficiente de Caudal (válvula toda abierta). 0 indicates a linear load (no harmonics). The K factor of the Universal Soil Loss Equation is the most important measure of soil erodibility that was adopted in many erosion models. If your lead time, order cycle time, and forecast period were all the same and if your forecast was the same for each period and equaled the mean of the actual demand for those periods, this simple formula would work great. This article discusses how this flow coefficient can be used to calculate the equivalent resistance coefficient, or K value, used. Charge weight The amount of explosive charge in kilograms. ) The significance of s. To find the Y-factor, you can refer to a chart (see Figure 5), or you can use this equation: Y-factor = (K-factor × π)/2. 6 would give a flow rate of 15. In chess, your K-Factor is based off of your rating. Mold Design and Casting Sheetmetal Model Analysis. Online K-factor calculator for fire sprinkler & water mist To be able to find the flow from a sprinkler head or a water mist nozzle we need to use the K-factor formula, this is the starting point for most water-based fire protection design and calculations. Select calculation. What k factor is usually used for simple wood compression members (columns)? A2. This is your home's K-Factor or "Miles Per Gallon". Harmonics have become an integral part of modern electric systems. On a hydrant having a k-factor of 156. If the K-factor is greater than 100% and there is no URL, a portion of the DAC or the total DAC has to be written off immediately, so that the new K-factor is equal 100%. A stress concentration factor (Kt) is a dimensionless factor that is used to quantify how concentrated the stress is in a material. K Factor Formula. The friction coefficient can be calculated with the online Colebrook calculator below. LC circuits, and for microwave cavities, but later also became common in the context of optical resonators. 28 x 8 days × 85 units = 870. K is the percentage of ADT representing the 30th highest hourly volume in the design year. 196 455 2321 2. The change in dry density is not highly sensitive to the K factor. For a large radius this point, sometimes called the K factor is closer to the middle of the metal thickness. k questions in the above example) then the correlation table has k × k entries of form rij where each rij is the correlation coefficient between item i and item j. K-Factor rated transformers Eaton’s mission is to improve the quality of life and the environment through the use of power management technologies and services. The Rician K-factor is defined as the ratio of signal power in dominant component over the (local-mean) scattered power. K-Factor K-factors derived using the K-factor calculator will be expressed in the units chosen in the calculator (Pulse/Cubic Meter, Pulse/Gallon or Pulse/Liter) EX100/200-Series. 83, centrifugal Vertical Axijets: 753. C04-098C-829635-A m in. Pencil, paper, and calculator in hand, I set out to derive the formula. Loading density Hole Diameter Kg of explosive per meter of column for given density (g/cm 3)* Hole Diameter mm in mm in 270 10 0. The "k-factor" was developed by Wöhler to easily relate the load (ie, stress) to the life (number of cycles to failure). 23% crude protein on dry weight basis) i. formula for relating torque to tension. Formulae that will enable you to determine what flow rate you can get for a given Cv value or what. Only the adjusted starting pressure and flow rate are used. • Design hourly volume (DHV) – Traffic volume used for design calculations. 9mm to 5mm thick and various angles. where t R is the retention time of the peak, and t 0 is the dead time of the column. Calculation of thermodynamic state variables of methane. The table 'Input V' of the user interfaces will be having an addition column for 'K - Value'. Maximum Stock Level Practice Question. Salt, corrosion and moisture resistant. 5 mm measured from the inside bend, then you would have a K-Factor of t/T = 0. Dilip: The role of Capacity Factor ( K prime ) is to provide a calculation or formula which defines how much interaction the sample (peak) has had with the chromatography support material. For typical main rural. Remember, if we needed to know the placement of the neutral axis we would use the formula, K = (t/T) -> t = K × T = 0. Knowing the K-factor for each calibration point, the factory determines the best fitting K-factor for that particular flowmeter. LO 2 liquid oxygen. zForm a composite of n/k units for k composite-samples; mix well. Kildal and the Antenna Group at Chalmers, to estimate the parameter from the complex transfer function will. K-factors were originally created to be multiples of the discharge of a K5. 5"3"4"5"6"8"10"12"14"16"18"20"22"24"26"28"30"32"34"36"38"40"42"44"46"48. This value varies across the meter’s flow range with linearity being a measure of the variance of actual output from the average K-factor. For quick calculation of equivalent length and frictional losses across a pipe run, approximate K value for reducers and expander joints can be considered to be 0. The Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI) is a common measure of market concentration and is used to determine market competitiveness, often pre- and post-M&A transactions. Indeed, unbiased forecasts mean that there is as much chance for the future demand to be greater or lower than the lead time demand (remember that the lead time. Enter input parameters. kVA=kiloVolt-Ampere. 777 2035 2619 2. 1 Tons Of Air Conditioning to Kilowatts = 3. Knowing the K-factor for each calibration point, the factory determines the best fitting K-factor for that particular flowmeter. 718 HAMB = 0. 85-th power, and thus K-factor is slightly different from that calculated by the above formula. 972 2417 2487 2. 0 5 10 15 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100. The "k-factor" was developed by Wöhler to easily relate the load (ie, stress) to the life (number of cycles to failure). where a is one half of the width of the through crack. R = rainfall-runoff erosivity factor. For pressure drop estimation graphs are referred. It is usually expressed relative to 0oC. Apparatus: 1. A skinny wire dipole for 160 or 80 M has a narrow SWR bandwidth, compared to a thick pipe element the same length would have a wider frequency range where SWR was low. 9mm to 5mm thick and various angles. The K factor is defined as the ratio between the material thickness (T) and the neutral fibre axis (t), i. Gordy, 2003). In the literature the symbol \(k^{'}\) is often used for the retention factor, particularly in liquid @[email protected] Press brake bend allowance chart for mild steel Advantage Fabricated Metals offers press braking services for those who require these metal-fabricating services. To specify a stainless steel enclosure for an aluminum transformer, substitute an "S" in the fifth character. REDUCED LOAD K-FACTOR vs. Condition factor (K factor) Anglers, fish processors, traders and consumers may describe the condition, well-being and the nutritional status of the fish specimens based on visual assessment using descriptive terms such as fatty, normal, skinny or others as shown in the photos of African catfish. A k factor is introduced to compensate for the non-uniform profile of pipe flow. Y-Factor (Y) - A constant based off of the K-Factor used by Pro-Engineer in place of a K-Factor. Flow Coefficient References. Colebrook Online Calculator. Column charge A continuous charge of explosives in a blasthole. Note that the Stress and Strain are proportional to the distance from the Neutral Axis.